Aproximación a un modelo de autorregulación en escritura académica a partir del análisis de protocolos

Approximation to a Model of Self-Regulation in Academic Writing from Protocol Analysis

Aproximação a um modelo de autorregulação em escritura acadêmica a partir da análise de protocolos

  • Lida Rincón Camacho
  • Luis Bayardo Sanabria Rodríguez
  • Omar López Vargas
Publicado
2016-01-01

Resumen (es)

Este estudio2 presenta un análisis para comprender y explicar las evidencias de posibles conductas cognitivas y autorreguladoras durante la realización de una tarea de escritura académica a partir de la técnica de análisis de protocolos verbales, como metodología para identificar y describir estas conductas. Se contó con la participación de cuatro sujetos —estudiantes universitarios— de los cuales se analizaron tres casos. Se examinan las frecuencias de aparición de procesos cognitivos y autorreguladores, con el propósito de explicar la articulación de los factores tanto cognitivos como motivacionales y conductuales durante la composición de textos. A partir del estudio se logró establecer que los sujetos observados utilizan más estrategias de revisión a nivel local (revisión de ortografía, gramática y puntuación), que de planificación.

Además, se observó que en la fase de planificación, generalmente, se enfocan en los niveles básicos de procesamiento, esto es, la búsqueda de secuencia de segmentos encadenados para formar frases. En menor proporción se encuentran evidencias de planificación de niveles superiores que tengan en cuenta elementos retóricos. Se comparan estos resultados con estudios anteriores.

Resumen (en)

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17227/0123487043folios59.76

This paper presents an analysis to understand and to explain the evidence of possible cognitive and self-regulatory behaviors while performing an academic writing task, through the verbal protocol analysis, as a methodology to identify and describe these behaviors. The study consisted of four subjects –college students– of which three cases were analyzed. Frequencies of occurrence of cognitive and self-regulatory processes are examined, in order to explain the articulation between cognitive, motivational and behavioural factors during composition tasks. From the study, it was established that the observed subjects used more revision strategies at the local level (check spelling, grammar and punctuation) than planning strategies. In addition, it was observed that in the planning phase, they usually focus on the basic levels of processing, that is, the search for sequence segments joined to form sentences. To a lesser extent it was evidence of higher levels of planning found, that take into account rhetorical elements. These results are compared with previous studies.

Resumen (pt)

Este estudo apresenta uma análise para compreender e explicar as evidencias de possíveis condutas cognitivas e autorreguladoras, durante a realização de uma tarefa de escritura acadêmica, a partir da técnica da análise de protocolos verbais, como metodologia para identificar e descrever estas condutas. Tiveram-se a participação de quatro sujeitos –estudantes universitários– dos quais se analisaram três casos. Se analisaram as frequências da aparição de processos cognitivos e autorreguladores, com o propósito de explicar a articulação dos fatores, tanto cognitivos quanto motivacionais e comportamentais durante a composição de textos. A partir do estudo logrou-se estabelecer que os sujeitos observados utilizam mais estratégias de revisão a nível local (revisão de ortografia, gramática e pontuação), que de planificação. Além disso, se enxergou que na fase de planificação, geralmente, se enfocam nos níveis básicos de processamento, isto é, a pesquisa de sequência de segmentos relacionados para formar frases. Em menor proporção encontram-se evidencias de planificação de níveis supe-riores, que tenham em conta elementos retóricos. Comparam-se estes resultados com estudos anteriores.
Palabras clave: Writing, composition processing models, cognitive processes and self-regulation (en)
Palabras clave: Escritura, modelos de procesamiento en composición, procesos cognitivos y autorregulación (es)
Palabras clave: Escritura, modelos de processamento em composição, processos cognitivos e autorregulação (pt)
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Rincón Camacho, L., Sanabria Rodríguez, L. B., & López Vargas, O. (2016). Aproximación a un modelo de autorregulación en escritura académica a partir del análisis de protocolos. Folios, 1(43), 59.75. https://doi.org/10.17227/0123487043folios59.76

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