Lenguaje y envejecimiento. Discusión acerca del deterioro/preservación de la sintaxis en los adultos mayores

Language and aging. Discussion of syntax impairment/preservation in older adults

Linguagem e envelhecimento. Discussão sobre a deterioração/preservação da sintaxe em idosos

Publicado
2023-01-01

El estudio del procesamiento sintáctico en la vejez ha sido abordado, fundamentalmente a partir de dos enfoques: uno basado en la memoria y, otro basado en estructura y jerarquía. El primero vinculado a la memoria de trabajo y el segundo a la habilidad sintáctica. Las evidencias respecto de este procesamiento durante el envejecimiento son divergentes pues unas sostienen que la dificultad para procesar oraciones con complejidad sintáctica se debe a la disminución de la capacidad de almacenamiento y retención de la memoria de trabajo; mientras que otras sostienen que si bien se ralentiza el proceso, la habilidad sintáctica se preserva. El foco del fenómeno radica en que algunos autores ignoran en el procesamiento las distancias estructurales – nodos sintácticos- y solo consideran en la distancia sintáctica la dependencia de dos elementos (pronombre/referente). Esto abre un debate respecto de los sistemas de memoria a la base del procesamiento sintáctico.  En este marco el objetivo de este artículo de reflexión es discutir estas dos aproximaciones teóricas e identificar las ventajas y limitaciones de cada uno de ellos a la hora de explicar el fenómeno.

Palabras clave: envejecimiento, sintaxis, memoria de trabajo, memoria procedimental, autonomía de la sintaxis (es)
envelhecimento, sintaxe, memória de trabalho, memória procedimental, autonomia da sintaxe (pt)
ageing, syntax, working memory, procedural memory, syntax autonomy (en)

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APA

Rivieri, E. (2023). Lenguaje y envejecimiento. Discusión acerca del deterioro/preservación de la sintaxis en los adultos mayores. Folios, (57). https://doi.org/10.17227/folios.57-14050

ACM

[1]
Rivieri, E. 2023. Lenguaje y envejecimiento. Discusión acerca del deterioro/preservación de la sintaxis en los adultos mayores. Folios. 57 (ene. 2023). DOI:https://doi.org/10.17227/folios.57-14050.

ACS

(1)
Rivieri, E. Lenguaje y envejecimiento. Discusión acerca del deterioro/preservación de la sintaxis en los adultos mayores. Folios 2023.

ABNT

RIVIERI, E. Lenguaje y envejecimiento. Discusión acerca del deterioro/preservación de la sintaxis en los adultos mayores. Folios, [S. l.], n. 57, 2023. DOI: 10.17227/folios.57-14050. Disponível em: https://revistas.pedagogica.edu.co/index.php/RF/article/view/14050. Acesso em: 4 feb. 2023.

Chicago

Rivieri, Eugenia. 2023. «Lenguaje y envejecimiento. Discusión acerca del deterioro/preservación de la sintaxis en los adultos mayores». Folios, n.º 57 (enero). https://doi.org/10.17227/folios.57-14050.

Harvard

Rivieri, E. (2023) «Lenguaje y envejecimiento. Discusión acerca del deterioro/preservación de la sintaxis en los adultos mayores», Folios, (57). doi: 10.17227/folios.57-14050.

IEEE

[1]
E. Rivieri, «Lenguaje y envejecimiento. Discusión acerca del deterioro/preservación de la sintaxis en los adultos mayores», Folios, n.º 57, ene. 2023.

MLA

Rivieri, E. «Lenguaje y envejecimiento. Discusión acerca del deterioro/preservación de la sintaxis en los adultos mayores». Folios, n.º 57, enero de 2023, doi:10.17227/folios.57-14050.

Turabian

Rivieri, Eugenia. «Lenguaje y envejecimiento. Discusión acerca del deterioro/preservación de la sintaxis en los adultos mayores». Folios, no. 57 (enero 1, 2023). Accedido febrero 4, 2023. https://revistas.pedagogica.edu.co/index.php/RF/article/view/14050.

Vancouver

1.
Rivieri E. Lenguaje y envejecimiento. Discusión acerca del deterioro/preservación de la sintaxis en los adultos mayores. Folios [Internet]. 1 de enero de 2023 [citado 4 de febrero de 2023];(57). Disponible en: https://revistas.pedagogica.edu.co/index.php/RF/article/view/14050

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